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Volume 3, Issue 2: Contents

 
 
 

The Sexual Contract Twenty-Five Years Later: A Response by Carole Pateman

 
 

I would like to thank the contributors for their generous acknowledgment of the anniversary of The Sexual Contract and for their commentaries. It is hard to believe that a quarter century has passed since my book was published, yet, as the contributors point out, a good deal has changed. But not everything looks different; for example, despite advances by women, men still monopolize the authoritative positions in politics, the judiciary, higher education, and the economy, while women still earn less than men and are more likely to be poor than men.

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ROUNDTABLE: Carole Pateman's The Sexual Contract Twenty-Five Years Later
Rereading a Classic Text
Anna Elisabetta Galeotti
Terms and Conditions
Robyn Marasco
The Misfortune of Silence
Jack Jackson

 
 
 
 

Historical Critique and Political Voice after the Ottoman Empire

 
  KABIR TAMBAR  
  In a famous 1882 lecture at the Sorbonne, Ernest Renan highlighted a certain obligation to forget, even a necessity for historical error, in the formation of a nation. Renan constructed his argument on the basis of what he perceived to be a straightforward empirical contrast apparent in his day. On the one hand, the countries of Western and Southern Europe, such as France, England, Germany, Spain, and Italy, had successfully—if through different processes—established nations on the basis of carefully constructed and selectively forgotten historical pasts. The Ottoman Empire, on the other hand, encompassed an unwieldy motley of ethnic and religious groups, each maintaining separate historical identities. In effect, the empire was a state without an internally cohesive national body.

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History as a Medical Category: Heredity, Positivism, and the Study of the Past in Nineteenth-Century France

 
  ZRINKA STAHULJAK  
  The French nineteenth century was characterized by powerful intellectual currents, sociology first among them, with history and medicine competing for a place in the hierarchy. Each wrestled with the question of how to define itself as a science against the backdrop of the rapidly growing authority of positivist thought across the disciplines. Each strove to triumph as the master discipline of the scientific study of the past and present. History and medicine were in competition for legitimacy and dominance of epistemic space and the political sphere, both of which were already strongly influenced by Auguste Comte's positivism by mid-century. Nevertheless, they also engaged in a dialectical relationship: history taught medicine (histoire de la médecine) and medicine was a method to understand history (médecine de l’histoire).

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The Stage of Adolescence: Anticolonial Time, Youth Insurgency, and the Marriage Crisis in Hashimite Iraq

 
  SARA PURSLEY  
  Modern understandings of childhood and adolescence, as a number of scholars have shown, are intertwined with histories of European colonialism. There has been less focus on how these categories shaped and were shaped by global processes of decolonization. This article contributes to such an inquiry, by exploring how adolescence was mobilized in Iraq from its 1921 foundation under British Mandate rule to the 1958 anticolonial revolution that toppled the British-backed Hashimite monarchy. The historically peculiar mandate system of semicolonial rule established by the League of Nations after World War I was itself based on certain parallels between adolescence as a stage of psychological and national life posited by European and American social scientists at the turn of the century. Both colonial and anticolonial discourses on adolescence in Hashimite Iraq were thus inevitably riven with the tensions, homologies, and incommensurabilities of this temporal-spatial category, which was simultaneously normalizing and constitutively conflictual.

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